Magnolia is evergreen or deciduous shrubs marked by a bowl or star-shaped flowers.
It belongs to a large genus of about two hundred ten flowering plant species in the family Magnoliaceae.
It is an ancient genus known to appear before the evolution of bees.
The flowers have evolved with time to encourage pollination by beetles. The carpels of these flowers are tough enough to avoid any damage by the Beatles. This plant offers various horticultural, culinary, and medicinal uses.
Magnolias are the most graceful trees having beautiful looking and fragrant flowers.
They take a long time to grow, and the blooms do not last long. Some of these trees have their blooming time in February and March, while some do not bloom until July. The care to be given depends entirely on the timing and frequency of their flowering.
Do magnolia trees bloom twice a year?
Yes, magnolia trees can bloom twice a year. However, this is not common. If the trees are blooming twice, the first time is around early spring, and the second time is in late summer. The variety, as well as the health, will determine how often they bloom.
Magnolia comes in a large variety, each having a different blooming frequency.
The bigleaf magnolia and the Oyama magnolia flower in the spring and summer seasons.
The evergreen southern magnolia is famous for retaining green color over the entire year and produces flowers in late spring and the summer season.
The deciduous magnolia like a saucer and Merril loebner magnolia first shed off their leaves during summers and then bloom in late winters. Their flowering extends to the late spring season.
Besides the different varieties, health is another factor influencing the flowering frequency. These trees are a bit fussy and require an optimum position to produce flowers. The other requirements are full sun, proper water, and high-quality soil.
When do magnolia trees bloom?
Magnolia trees bloom in mid-March through April. They are early flowering species. Some varieties begin to show flowers as early as March. First, they get star-shaped white flowers, and the purple ones bloom in May.
Their leaves come out only during the daylight because of which the white to pink-red flowers shine even more.
The process of showing splendor can take up to three weeks and lasts from seven to nine days. These trees are sensitive to frost and may turn brown if your area has frequent late frosts. In such a case, you should plant a late-blooming magnolia species.
How many times a year do magnolia trees bloom?
The total number of booing times by the magnolia trees depends on the variety and species. While the Asian magnolia flowers bloom only once a year in late winters or early spring season, the native American sweet bay magnolia flowers in mid-spring after its leaves appear.
So whether your magnolia tree blossoms once or twice a year, you should not get worried or alarmed.
Even if it does not bloom at all, it is possible either it is too young to produce flowers or is recovering from the frost.
However, if your trees do not bloom at all, then you must look for signs of damage and poor growth.
Evaluate what is wrong with your plants, as they may lack water, nutrients, light, or soil quality. Any disease or pest infestation is another possibility of late-blooming.
Why did not my magnolia tree bloom this year?
There are many reasons because of which your trees might not produce flowers. We have discussed these below.
Your plant is too young
Magnolia trees can take a long time to grow up to ten years to produce flowers. Before flowering, they get enough time to grow.
Flowers are an indication of reproduction and require a lot of strength. Young magnolias are like children and thus do not have this strength. The flowering frequency depends on the variety of your plant.
It can be the main reason why your magnolia trees are not able to bloom. Sometimes winters make the buds freeze to death.
The buds are sensitive just before and during the process of flowering.
So the frost can harm them. Some species of magnolia are not frosting tolerant and fail to produce flowers in extreme winters. If you fertilized your tree into autumn last year, the trees would be even more sensitive.
Magnolia trees have the feature of forming buds in advance for the coming year in early autumn.
Your tree will not bloom if you have cut it too late. Radical pruning can also lead to no blooming.
It is because the magnolia trees tend to recover first rather than generating new parts. Generation requires more strength than recovering, and hence they tend to favor the process of recovery.
The process of producing flowers requires a lot of strength and effort. Apart from this, you also need to supply excess water to your magnolia trees.
Their leaves are thick and hence need water in large amounts.
The plant will lack sufficient water if your region experiences dry autumn. The little water available will be used by trees for their growth rather than reproduction, leading to no flowers.
The wrong location
Plant a variety of magnolia which will suit your location. The trees will remain healthy and bloom if they are comfortable in your region.
Before planting, check which kind can survive in the climate and terrain you live in. You should also consider the care and monitoring required by a specific variety before planting.
Take a proper check-up of your tree to know why they are not producing flowers. If your trees are too young, then all you have to do is wait.
Give them time to grow properly, and you will surely see them flowering. If you have performed an incorrect pruning in the last season, make sure to not repeat it this time.
However, if your trees are not blooming because of the weather, it is hard to deal with. To deal with dry autumn, you can water your trees more often.
If frost is the cause, check your variety carefully as it may not be frost-resistant.
In this case, consider replacing them with winter-proof magnolia. Sometimes frost-tolerant species also do not bloom in extreme winters. You have to be patient.
Finally, check your location. Your magnolia trees should be comfortable in your region. In this case, consider shifting your trees at some friend’s or family member’s place before they are too big.
A shift of location can again put your trees under stress resulting in a no flower season. But this will only last a year, and if the weather permits, they will bloom again in the next season.
Wrapping it up
Magnolia trees can enhance your garden’s grace but are too fussy about taking care of. They are worth the effort as they can blossom once or twice a year.
Till the time you take care of them nicely, they will be successful in producing flowers.
Consider checking your trees only when they will not bloom at all, even after being in a growing season. Best of luck with growing magnolias in your garden!