Dendrobium orchids involve the widest and generally different “catch-all” orchid variety. It appears to be that at whatever point taxonomists don’t have a clue where an orchid should be, they are classified as dendrobium.
Obviously, there is essentially some logic to the association. There are more than 1,200 Dendrobium species and are local to the tropics of Asia and The Pacific.
Papua New Guinea alone has all-around 500 species. You usually would discover dendrobium growing on the top of the trees. The fact is, the name dendrobium is the Greek name for “life in a tree.”
Dendrobium orchids are quite possibly the most popular orchid types among home cultivators and orchid lovers.
Fundamentally developed for their flowers or as a decorative house plant, these intriguing beauties produce flashy and fragile flowers in various colors, including smooth white, green, purple, and pink.
Dendrobium is different to such an extent that you could discover them growing in tropical swamps and right to a height of 10,000 feet which is around 3,000 meters.
You could likewise discover them in the damp, marshy ground or desert-like conditions.
As you can check out, that variety doesn’t make it simple for me to advise you precisely how to develop your dendrobium.
There are various kinds of Dendrobium Orchids that are seen around.
Numerous dendrobium types exist, and they shift in social prerequisites.
A few species types flourish best in hot conditions; some lean toward cooler conditions. In any case, these renowned orchids are generally simple to develop. To know more about it, you can proceed to read this article.
The types of Dendrobium Orchids:
1. Dendrobium crumenatum
Common Names: Pigeon Orchid, Pigeon Dendrobium, Sparrow Orchid, White Dove Orchid, Purse-shaped Dendrobium
Pigeon orchids (Dendrobium crumenatum) are well-known white-flowered dendrobiums generally found in the Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Indonesia, and different parts of Asia.
These dendrobium orchids include shaft molded, stretched stems that span up to 1 m long.
At the foundation of the stems are sympodial pseudobulbs that are up to 12 cm long and 2.5 cm wide.
The leaves of this plant are thick, weathered, oval, and deciduous.
One special trait of this dendrobium species is the dove-like bloom.
The pure white blooms, which generally measure 5cm across, exhibit a trace of yellow at the focal point of the lip.
The flowers of pigeon orchids happen at regular spans yet normally start nine days after the temperature abruptly drops to essentially 5.5 degrees Celsius.
Also, they are unequivocally fragrant; however, the aroma just goes on for a day.
The species name crumenatum is derived from the Latin word crumena, which signifies “leather money bag.”
2. Dendrobium taurinum
Common Names: Bull Orchid, Bull Face Orchid
Bull orchids (Dendrobium taurinum) are a species of epiphytic dendrobium local to the Philippines and the Maluku Islands in Indonesia.
They are generally found in mangrove backwoods.
The normal name bull orchids allude to the fascinating flowers that look like a bull’s head on account of the contorted, hornlike petals.
The petals are lavender to purple in color, while the sepals are white in color.
The lip is expansive and white, with a trace of purple and unsettled edges.
Every inflorescence bears 20 to 30 wonderful blossoms. Individual flowers can gauge from 5 cm to 6.5 cm across.
The pseudobulbs of the bull orchids are generally a bit cylindrical and hollow and measure up to 1.5 long and 2.5 cm in diameter across. The leaves are oval elliptic, wide, glossy, and dull green.
3. Dendrobium cucumerinum
Common Names: Cucumber Orchid, Gherkin Orchid
Cucumber orchids or D. cucumerinum is a smaller than expected sort of dendrobium local to eastern Australia.
The species name cucumerinum is generated from the Latin word cucumis, which implies cucumber and alludes to the epiphytic orchid’s gherkin-like leaves on a slight, crawling rhizome.
The erect stems of the flower can deliver up to 18 cream, greenish-yellow, or white blossoms with particular rosy-purple stripes.
Both the sepals and petals are unpredictably contorted, while the lip is bent. The flowers live for a small duration of time and sprout during spring and late winters.
4. Dendrobium anosmum
Common Names: Unscented Dendrobium, Hono-Hono Orchid
Other main types of dendrobium orchids are the unscented dendrobium (D. anosmum).
It is broadly seen in the Philippines, where it is alluded locally to as sanggumay, just as in New Guinea, Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Laos, and Vietnam.
D. anosmum is an enormous estimated dendrobium that grows up to 3m tall.
The green leaves are elongated elliptic, deciduous, fleshy, and gleaming.
The flowers sprout in the spring with up to 10 flowers for each spike. The flowers are dull pink to purple in color.
5. Dendrobium aphyllum
Common Names: Hooded Orchid
Known for the name hooded orchid, D. aphyllum highlights a cone-kind labellum that separates it from different kinds of dendrobium orchids. It tends to be found in India, Nepal, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Bhutan, Laos, and Cambodia.
Hooded orchids are epiphytic and, at times, lithophytic.
They produce bunches of outlandish, brief roses, regularly in gatherings of three, on many overhanging flower spikes.
Each of the flowers has a clear, yellow-cream to white or lavender-pink sepals and petals encompassing a cone-molded light-yellow lip.
The lip of it is covered with delicate, short hairs along the edges and on the outside surface.
6. Dendrobium Phalaenanthe
These Dendrobiums look like the moth-molded blossoms of the Phalaenopsis orchid, and that similarity is the reason they got this name.
As they are likewise called, Den-phals are warm cultivators, inclining toward higher light than the others.
This classification is delegated to a decent fledgling orchid since they are genuinely simple to keep up with being healthy during the year.
They are additionally the most ordinarily found to buy since they are the most hybridized available.
The pseudobulbs on these orchids are neither fat nor adjusted yet like tube-shaped canes that become enormous, 2 to 4 feet (0.6 m to 12 m).
It’s phenomenal to hear them being alluded to as pseudobulbs since they are called, for the most part, “canes.”
The smallest rubbery leaves are around 3 to 6 inches (7.6 to 15cm) long.
On another new plant, the orchid will create up to 5 inflorescences all at once.
An older plant will remunerate you with around 20 inflorescences, flawlessly staying nearby a little pot.
7. Dendrobium Spatulata
Spatulata orchids have long, horn-like projections that are winding into exceptional shaped flowers, like impala horns or bug radio wires.
They are at times known as Antelope Dendrobiums along these lines.
There are some places close to 50 types of Dendrobiums Spatulatas, all science-fiction or outsider looking with perplexing subtlety in each flower.
Dendrobium Spatulata orchids are hot, tropical ones, and they don’t even need a rest period dissimilar to the principal classification.
These orchids blossom a few times each year. That is the reason they are delegated steady and not deciduous.
The way of life and care of Dendrobium Spatulata is to some degree like the Phalaenanthe orchids, yet without the remaining time frame, longer light periods, and tons of greater amounts of water.
They likewise like a medium temperature for the entire year, with no colder time of year drop in degrees.
Concerning the lights, they are medium to high light orchids, yet instead of putting them in a similar gathering to Cattleyas and Vandas, they simply draw out the time they are presented to separated light.
They will do well outside and can get full daylight as long as it’s anything but during the most sweltering part of the day.
8. Dendrobium Latouria
There are around 60 orchid types of Dendrobiums Latouria, the greater part of which possess the land around New Guinea, Philippines, and Samoa.
A portion of these orchids has furry labellums (lips, or the base petal where the pollinator can land).
The Dendrobium Latouria orchids are short and small looking, with more modest rhizomes and pseudobulbs (as compared with the cane-like Pseudobulbs).
Dendrobium Latouria orchids are epiphytes, yet some can be.
A couple of these dendrobiums can be earthly, filling in subalpine grasslands.
These orchids are amazingly useful for middle-of-the-road novices since they can endure gentle mistakes and are more merciful as we learn and adjust our consideration for them.
The solitary thing they cannot tolerate is sufficient light.
They are high-light orchids.
Living close to the equator yet at a higher elevation, they barely have a colder time of year change by any stretch of the adjustment. Keep the orchid in light and with a lot of water and a little drier in winter during rest.
9. Dendrobium Formosae
These orchids become huge, so make space for developing them.
Their flowers, which can get up to four inches (10.6 cm), are astounding when in sprout, henceforth the name Formosa.
The Portuguese mariners and sailors named the island of Taiwan “Formosa” in 1522 since Formosa implies wonderfully shaped, grandly made.
In Brazil, this term is utilized to depict a flawlessly agile lady. Another name for this orchid bunch is the Nigrohirsutae type.
They are initially from the cooler areas in southeast Asia. Places like Vietnam, Laos, India, China, and Burma.
This implies that Dendrobium Formosae appreciates the storm climate, with weighty downpours and high sun, trailed by a cooler season where they dry out.
To reproduce this equivalent impact, you can suspend watering in early fall.
10. Dendrobium Nobile
Dendrobiums are presumably the most widely recognized sort of Dendrobium species due to the renowned Dendrobium Nobile.
The majority think about this purple bloom with the white place when they envision a Dendrobium. There are two sorts of Dendrobiums, the pendulous or the erect.
In the pendulous gathering, the course of the flower flows from the base and streams over the pot, as the Nobile does.
In the erect, they become vertical, and as time passes by, the heaviness of the flower enhances from the bloom spike in sprout, they gradually structure a slight bend.
Nobile orchids are found in cooler-developing environments or higher altitudes. They flourish in the cooler mountain bases of Southeast Asia, generally southern China.
These dendrobiums are likewise found in adjoining nations like Burma, Thailand, Nepal, portions of India, and Vietnam. Dendrobiums can endure a couple of long stretches of near frigid temperatures.
Even though it’s cool, the moistness remains high: 60 to 80% mugginess (which is ideal for root decay.) However, that is gambling a lot in my assessment.
Developing Dendrobium Orchids: Care and Maintenance
Dendrobium is an unpredictable and enormous variety with a huge number of known species and crossbreeds.
Hence, the social necessities for dendrobiums differ depending upon the segment of the class to which they have a place. Species in the dendrobium class are isolated into six primary segments.
These are Phalaenanthe, Dendrobium, Spatulata, Callista, Formosae, and Latouria. Some of the things that must be taken care of while planting it is as follow:
- Temperature and Humidity
- Growing the plant in medium space and Potting
A few orchids may find a way into isolated classes like Callista (or Densiflora), Dendrocoryone (which are found in Australia), Calcarifera, Calyptrochilus, Dockrillia, and the Pedilonum orchids.
You can see this order being utilized and huge loads of photos of these orchids.
Mentioned here are some of the variants of the Dendrobium Orchids. If it’s not too much trouble, you can check out the other variants online as well.
You can explore some details of the orchid to discover more about your orchid’s particular developing conditions. Search for temperature, dampness, lighting, height, and preparation needed to grow this variant.
Attempt to emulate similar developing states of your Dendrobium orchid, and you’re a large portion of the way there.
In this article, I have already mentioned ten variants and their specifications.
You can check this out to find and get details about the one that you want to grow at your place, and you can definitely do the needful for you. All the best, and grow the variant that you like.